文章摘要
叔本华绝对虚无的悲观主义哲学探析
An Analysis of Schopenhauer's Pessimistic Philosophy of Absolute Nihility
  
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中文关键词: 叔本华;悲观主义;佛学;生命;否定
英文关键词: Schopenhauer; pessimism; Buddhism; life; negation
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刘瑶瑶  
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中文摘要:
      叔本华是非理性主义哲学的创始人,是悲观主义哲学的主要代表。文章从生命的角度探讨叔本华的悲观主义哲学,并对叔本华悲观主义和佛学悲观主义的关系作澄清。叔本华悲观主义哲学能导出积极向上道德生活之可能;但他认为意志是邪恶的、是痛苦的根源,也应被否定;通过表象和物自体的双重否定达成彻底的虚无,双重否定只对应佛家对俗谛的否定,未触及佛家真谛问题。
英文摘要:
      Schopenhauer is the founder of irrational philosophy and the main representative of pessimistic philosophy. This paper discusses Schopenhauer’s pessimistic philosophy from the perspective of life and clarifies the relationship between Schopenhauer’s pessimism and Buddhist pessimism. Schopenhauer’s pessimistic philosophy can lead to the possibility of positive moral life. But he believed that the will is evil and the source of suffering, so it should be denied. The complete nihility is achieved through the double negation of representation and the thing itself. The double negation only corresponds to the Buddhist negation of samvrti-satya without touching the true essence of Buddhism.
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