文章摘要
1927— 1938年“国立中央大学”学科建设的行动逻辑与当代价值
Construction of National Central University from 1927 to 1938
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 国立中央大学;学科建设;“双一流”建设
英文关键词: The Action Logic and Contemporary Values of the Discipline National Central University; discipline construction; construction of first class universities and disciplines
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作者单位
张珍  
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中文摘要:
      学科文化是学科发展的“凝聚剂”,学科组织是学科形成的基础平台,学科制度是学科规范的表现形式。1927—1938年“国立中央大学”从文化、组织与制度三个方面开启了学科建设之路,使自身学科从无到有、从有到强后形成符合国情的相对独立的学科体系,并成为近代大学学科建设的典范。经验表明:学科建设必须依托中国国情,服务于国家发展需求,构建具有中国特色的学科体系;通过创新学科组织实现权力与知识保持合理的张力;以制度建设为抓手驱动一流学科建设。
英文摘要:
      The discipline culture is “the coagulating agent” for the development of disciplines, the discipline organization is the basic platform for the formation of disciplines, and the discipline system is the manifestation of discipline norms. From 1927 to 1938, National Central University initiated the discipline construction from the three aspects of culture, organization and system, and the disciplines started from scratch, vigorously developed and gradually formed a relatively independent discipline system in line with the national conditions. The university became a model of discipline construction of modern universities. The experience demonstrates that discipline construction should be based on the Chinese conditions, serve the needs of the national development, and build a disciplinary system with the Chinese characteristics, that a reasonable tension between power and knowledge should be maintained through innovative discipline organizations, and that the first class discipline construction should be driven with the system construction as an effective means.
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